Department of English

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A Guide For Creative Thinking

Thu Sep 17, 2009 3:12 am by BHSoft

A Guide For Creative Thinking by Brian Tracy
Einstein once said, “Every child is born a genius.” But the reason why most people do not function at genius levels is because they are not aware of how creative and smart they really are.I call it the “Schwarzenegger effect.” No one would look at a person such as Arnold Schwarzenegger and think how lucky he is to have been born with such …


Africain Literature

Wed Mar 04, 2009 8:15 pm by Lily

Things Fall Apart is a 1959 English-language novel by Nigerian author Chinua Achebe. It is a staple book in schools throughout Africa and widely read and studied in English-speaking countries around the world. It is seen as the archetypal modern African novel in English, and one of the first African novels written in English to receive global critical acclaim. The title of the novel comes from [url=http://www.answers.com/topic/william-butler-yeats-3]


Algeria's Newspapers ...

Wed Mar 04, 2009 1:11 pm by Lily

study study study study



http://www.algeria press.com/
http://www.algeria press.com/alkhabar.htm
http://www.algeria-press.com/elwatan.htm
http://www.algeria-press.com/echoroukonline.htm
http://www.algeria-press.com/elmoudjahid.htm
http://www.algeria-press.com/liberte.htm
http://www.algeria-press.com/horizons.htm
http://www.algeria-press.com/el-massa.htm
[url=http://www.algeria-press.com/ech-chaab.htm]…


Algerian Vote

Thu Apr 09, 2009 12:39 pm by Lily

Algerians are voting in a presidential election which opposition groups have described as a charade.












American English

Fri Mar 13, 2009 4:00 pm by Maria

Going to is pronounced GONNA when it is used to show the future. But it is never reduced when it means going from one place to another.

We're going to grab a bite to eat. = We're gonna grab a bite to eat.
I'm going to the office tonight. = I'm going to the office tonight.

2. Want to and want a are both pronounced WANNA and wants to is pronounced WANSTA. Do you want to can also be reduced …

American Slangs

Sat Mar 21, 2009 8:54 pm by Maria

airhead: stupid person.
"Believe it or not, Dave can sometimes act like an airhead!"

amigo: friend (from Spanish).
"I met many amigos at Dave's ESL Cafe."

ammunition: toilet paper.
"Help! We're completely out of ammunition!"

antifreeze: alcohol.
"I'm going to need a lot of antifreeze tonight!"

armpit: dirty, unappealing place.


An Introduction to the British Civilization

Wed Nov 18, 2009 10:54 am by Maria

University of Batna First Year
English Department G: 6-7-8-9
General Culture

[center]An Introduction to the British Civilization

*The United Kingdom :

Full Name : The UK's full and official name is the "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland".

Location: The United Kingdom (UK) of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a country …

Announcements and News

Thu Mar 05, 2009 2:55 am by Lily


"Dear students , we would like to inform you that , from now on , your marks can be consulted through your Website ...Let's surf ! bounce bounce Wink

Applying for Research Study in the Department of English

Sun Apr 12, 2009 11:32 pm by Lily

Applying for Research Study in the Department of English

The process of applying for a research studentship begins with the identification of a potential supervisor. If you already know a staffmember who is willing to work with you to develop a research proposal,please start by contacting them. If you do not have a supervisor inmind already, …



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    Post by Lily on Tue Oct 06, 2009 11:22 pm


    Which artist was associated with France's Moulin Rouge? Paris's most famous cabaret, the Moulin Rouge, opened its doors on this date in 1889. Named for one of the windmills in the Montmartrecancan. The word "cancan" in French means "scandal," and the high-kicks and lifting and tossing of skirts did scandalize 19th-century audiences. The nightclub was the venue for twice-weekly masked balls and tame monkeys and donkeys wandered in the area. Artist Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec section of the city, near where the nightclub is located, the Moulin Rouge was the home of the French created numerous paintings of the cabaret and of the revelers who frequented the place. Nowadays, the Moulin Rouge is a favorite tourist destination for visitors to Paris.


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    Post by Lily on Sat Sep 12, 2009 4:48 pm


    On the Walls, Lascaux View Poster
    On September 12, 1940, four French teenagers followed their dog into an underground cavern halfway up the hillside above Montignac, in Lascaux, France, and made one of the great
    archeological finds of the 20th century. They found the walls and ceiling of the cave covered with some 2,000 prehistoric drawings and etchings, dating back 15,000-17,000 years to Paleolithic and Madalenian times. The artwork consisted of animals such as bulls, horses and deer, and a bird-headed man with a wounded bison and [b]rhinoceros. There were also Stone Age tools and implements used by the artists. It became an exciting tourist attraction, but when scientists found that the carbon dioxide from the tourists' breath began to damage the paintings, they closed the site. A partial replica of the cave — Lascaux II — was developed and opened to tourists in 1983, and scientists continue to monitor and preserve the original site.


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    Post by Lily on Thu Sep 03, 2009 11:54 am


    Map of the Underground Railroad View Poster
    It wasn't underground and it wasn't a railroad, but the system that helped black slaves escape to freedom was fast and powerful, earning the name Underground Railroad. Between 1830 and 1860, tens of thousands of slaves fled to the North — many of them to Canada — via the secret system. Many free blacks were among the church leaders, abolitionists and philanthropists who helped the slaves on their journey. On this date in 1838, former slaveFrederick Douglass began his trip to freedom, when he boarded a northbound train in Baltimore, MD, making his way to New York. Later, he became a "conductor" on the Underground Railroad.


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    Post by Lily on Tue Sep 01, 2009 10:40 pm


    History of WW II View Poster
    Seventy years ago today, just a week after signing a nonaggression pact with the Soviet Union, Nazi Germany invaded Poland, igniting World War II. Two days later, having promised to stand by Polish independence, Britain and France declared war on Germany. The German blitzkrieg quickly subdued Poland; similar tactics were used to fell Denmark, Norway, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and Belgium. Germany, Italy, Japan, Romania, Bulgaria, and Hungary united as Axis powers. Britain, the USSR and the US were known as "The Big Three" of the Allied powers, which comprised many other countries including, among others, Australia, France, Norway and Belgium.


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    Post by Lily on Tue Sep 01, 2009 12:17 am


    Richard Gere
    Richard Gere, like every actor worth his salt, has turned down some parts that he later regretted saying no to. He has said that the role he most rues passing up was that of Gordon Gekko in Wall Street — a. role that brought Michael Douglas his Oscar for Best Actor .Gere was less sorry about turning down the lead role in Die Hard. He had his lucky breaks, too. John Travolta turned down three parts that went to Gere, parts that helped make him a star: Bill, in Days of Heaven, and the titular roles in American Gigolo and An Officer and a Gentleman. Happy birthday to leading man Richard Gere, who turns 60 today.


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    Post by Lily on Thu Aug 27, 2009 10:39 am


    Oil Rig
    Oil. Black gold. It can be nearly colorless or jet black (not to mention the many shades in between). It can be thinner than water or thicker than molasses. It can come in a form as light as gas or as heavy as asphalt. Much of the world's crude oil comes from wells drilled from underground or under the ocean floor. The most important primary fossil fuel, petroleum has been used for centuries, with the first wells known to have been drilled in 8th-century China. On this date, 150 years ago, Edwin Drake drilled the first successful US oil well, near Titusville, Pennsylvania.
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    Post by Lily on Sun Aug 23, 2009 2:15 pm


    Louis XVI
    Louis XVI, the French king who was guillotined during the French Revolution, was born on this date in 1754. Generally regarded to be inept and indecisive as king, he was sometimes derisively called "Louis le Dernier" (Louis the Last). He and his family tried to flee Paris, but they were captured and taken to prison. France's National Convention declared a democratic republic in September 1792; the Convention immediately tried the royal couple and sentenced them to death. Louis XVI and his queen, Marie Antoinette, were both executed in 1793.
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    Post by Lily on Mon Aug 17, 2009 4:02 pm


    Chaplin's 'Gold Rush'
    On this date in 1896, a prospecting party discovered gold in Canada's Yukon Territory, an event that touched off the Klondike gold rush. News of the find only reached the US in July of the following year, encouraging some 25,000-30,000 hopeful individuals to set off to find their fortune. Much of the gold was mined quickly and by 1910, only small traces of of the precious metal remained. About $250 million in gold was found by the time the mining had trickled to a close in 1966. Klondike was the setting for Charlie Chaplin's film, The Gold Rush, as well as Mae West's Klondike Annie.

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    Post by Lily on Mon Aug 10, 2009 3:12 pm


    Electric Bass View Poster
    Leo Fender, born on this date in 1909, founded Fender Musical Instruments Corporation, which was responsible for the first mass-produced solid-body Spanish-style electric guitar, theTelecaster; the first mass-produced electric bass guitar, thePrecision Bass; and the hit Stratocaster. Fender's idea to build the guitar's neck and body separately made it easier and less expensive to produce and simpler to repair the instruments. Though he had played saxophone at one time, Fender never learned to play the guitar.
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    Post by Lily on Mon Aug 03, 2009 9:41 pm


    Sailing for the New World View Poster
    On this date in 1492, Christopher Columbus set sail from Palos, Spain, on a voyage that would take him to the present-day Americas. His trip financed by Ferdinand of Aragón and Isabella of Castile, Columbus sailed across the Atlantic with three ships — the Niña, the Pinta, and the Santa Maria — on a quest to show that one could get to India by sailing west. Columbus and his compatriots made landfall somewhere in the Bahamas. Though he [b]is given credit for "discovering America," he didn't get the land named for him; that honor went to Amerigo Vespucci, who led voyages to the area at around the same time as Columbus. Vespucci reasoned that America was not the eastern part of Asia — as Columbus believed — but a new continent.
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    Post by Lily on Fri Jul 17, 2009 10:14 am



    Erle Stanley Gardner, the man who brought us Perry Mason,was born on this date in 1889. Gardner had been a trial lawyer. In the early 1920s, he began to write detective stories for magazines. In1933, he published his first Perry Mason novel, The Case of the Velvet Claws. The book was a hit and spawned a series that eventually sold some 100 million books. The detective was the subject of several movies and, from 1957-1966, a TV show Starring Raymond Burr.Gardner wrote several other detective novels under pen names, includingA.A. Fair, Robert Parr, Carleton Kendrake and Charles M. Green.
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    Post by Lily on Tue Jul 14, 2009 11:21 am



    Scoops of Ice Cream View Poste
    A famous American saying goes, "I scream, you scream, we all scream for ice cream!" Tom Carvel set up the first permanent ice-cream stand in 1934, when the truck from which he had been selling the frozen treat had a flat tire near a pottery store in New York. He sold his ice cream from that spot — off the back of his truck — for two years, until he finally bought the store in 1936 and turned it into an ice-cream parlor. That same year, he developed a formula for soft serve ice cream. In 1947, Carvel set up his first franchise, and, soon after, he ran a series of franchising seminars, nicknamed "Sundae School." Carvel was born on this date in 1906.

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    Post by Lily on Sun Jul 12, 2009 11:43 am



    Spotlight: French captain Alfred Dreyfus was wrongly accused of treason in 1894. He was convicted and sentenced to life in prison. Since Dreyfus was a Jew, the affair raised the issue of anti-semitism in the French military and government. Writer Émile Zola wrote an open letter ("J'Accuse") published in the newspaper, accusing the military of anti-semitism in its actions. He was convicted of libel and sentenced to prison, but fled to England. On this date in 1906, Dreyfus was declared innocent and released from prison. He was given back his commission in the army and decorated, and went on to fight in World War I, rising to the rank of lieutenant colonel. Zola died of carbon monoxide poisoning four years before Dreyfus' exoneration.
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    Post by Lily on Sat Jul 04, 2009 9:16 pm


    Coming into the Home Stretch, 2008
    It may be called the Tour de France, but the international bike race that sets off today is not limited to a ride through France. Cyclists push off from a starting point in the principality of Monaco; from there, the route also passes through Spain, Andorra, Switzerland and Italy, with most of it running through France. The first Tour de France was run in 1903: 60 riders rode 2,428 km (1509 mi) in six stages. Only ten riders finished the race. This year, some 180 bikers will begin the 3,445 km (2,141 mi) route, through 21 stages, finishing on July 26. The record-holding winner of seven consecutive Tours de France (1999-2005), Lance Armstrong, has announced he will be participating again this year after a three-year retirement. He will be riding for the Astana team.
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    Post by Lily on Fri Jul 03, 2009 4:23 pm


    Pickett's Charge View Poster
    Pickett's Charge was repulsed on this date in 1863 on the final day of the Battle of Gettysburg. Union troops, under General George Meade, triumphed over General Robert E. Lee's Confederate soldier the bloodiest battle of America's Civil War. GeneralGeorge Pickett's division attacked the Union center at Cemetery Ridge. Confederate casualties numbered over 7,000 — more than half their forces. Though the war went on for nearly two more years, the Gettysburg Campaign was considered to be its turning point. Years later, when asked why Pickett's charge at Gettysburg [b]failed, Pickett was said to have responded, "I've always thought the Yankees had something to do with it."
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    Post by Lily on Wed Jul 01, 2009 10:17 pm



    Charles, Prince of Wales
    Forty years ago today, England's heir apparent, Charles, was officially invested as Prince of Wales. Though it may not have included the pageantry and spectacle of a king's coronation, the investiture was an impressive ceremony in its own right. The ceremony took place at Caernarfon Castle in Wales. The multi-tasking Charles had already been named Duke of Cornwall in 1952, when his mother, Queen Elizabeth, ascended to the throne. At that time, he also became in the Scottish Peerage, Duke of Rothesay, Earl of Carrick, Baron of Renfrew and Lord of the Isles, as well as Prince and Great Steward of Scotland. The Queen named him Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester in 1958, but his official crowning took place 11 years later. When the previous Prince of Wales, Edward, abdicated the throne, he took with him the coronet he wore at his own investiture in 1911. A new coronet needed to be made for Charles.
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    Post by Lily on Tue Jun 30, 2009 3:11 pm


    William Howard Taft
    Source

    What happens to presidents after they leave office? Are they supposed to write their memoirs, set up their libraries and quietly fade into the background of the public's memory? One former US president who went on to serve the country in a more active way was William Howard Taft. Although Taft wasn't considered among the greatest of US presidents, he was admired for his strong legal mind. He had the distinction of naming six justices to the Supreme Court, a record for a one-term president. On this date in 1921, President Warren Harding nominated former president Taft as Chief Justice of the United States. The Senate did not send the matter to committee; Taft was confirmed later that same day. He served in that capacity for nine years, retiring in 1930, just a month before his death.
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    Post by Lily on Mon Jun 29, 2009 11:04 pm


    Glenn Davis Clears the Hurdles
    Many people know about the four-minute mile. When Roger Bannister broke that barrier in 1954, he set a new standard for middle-distance runners. On this date in 1956, two other athletic barriers were overcome. Both events took place at the US Olympic Trials in Los Angeles: Glenn Davis broke the 50-second barrier in the 400-meter hurdles, coming in at 49.5 seconds; and later that day Charles Dumas became the first man to high jump 7 feet/2.13 meters. Today, 47 seconds is the time to beat at the 400-meter hurdles — that has happened only once, when Kevin Young finished in 46.78 seconds in 1992. As for the high jump, Javier Sotomayor is the current record-holder, having jumped 8 feet/2.45 meters in 1993 — Sotomayor remains the only person to have cleared eight feet/2.44 meters in the high jump.
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    Post by Lily on Sun Jun 28, 2009 3:55 pm


    The Eagle Has Landed View Poster
    With so many animals being put on the endangered species list it is refreshing to hear when the opposite occurs. The American bald eagle, a predatory bird and iconic national symbol, was officially taken off this notorious list two years ago today, after the US Fish and Wildlife Services reported that nesting populations had sufficiently recovered. This news comes as a happy surprise when you think about all the difficulties the bald eagle had to endure. In the 1800s, the westward expansion of settlements led to deforestation and habitat loss. In the early 1900s, Alaskan fishermen viewed the eagle as a direct threat to salmon populations and hunted them down. To make matters worse, the 1930s welcomed the widespread use of DDT, a pesticide that harmed both adult eagles and the development of their eggs. Here's to the bald eagle, which continues to soar in the face of adversity.
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    Post by Lily on Sat Jun 27, 2009 10:43 am


    Nixon on Exclusive List of Presidents Who Resigned
    View Poster

    Paul Newman considered his inclusion on the list one of his major accomplishments. Hunter S. Thompson was disappointed to have been left off. On this date in 1973, former White House counsel John Dean told the Senate Watergate Committee about an "enemies list" kept by the staff surrounding President Richard Nixon. There were journalists and politicians, businessmen and social activists, actors, academicians and a minister or two on the roster. It was first compiled in 1971 by Nixon aide Charles Colson, and included twenty people considered to be rabid Nixon opponents. The aim was to use federal powers to make life a bit more difficult for those on the list. Over the two years the list grew to include some 600 names at any given time. Names were added and dropped and at one time or another over 30,000 individuals or organizations were said to have appeared on the list.
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    Post by Lily on Fri Jun 26, 2009 11:56 am


    Learjet 45
    Fighter planes and business jets...The inventors of the Messerschmitt and the Learjet were both born on this date. Wilhelm Emil Messerschmitt (1898-1978) designed what became the German Luftwaffe's most important fighter — the Messerschmitt Bf 109 — which is still the most produced fighter ever. Post WWII, Messerschmitt spent some time in prison for having used slave labor in his factories. After his release, he was forbidden to produce airplanes for a short period, and his factory turned to building cars and prefabricated homes,before returning to the production of airplanes.The more luxurious Learjet was created by William Lear (1902-1978).Originally, the Learjet was designed as a fighter plane; later it was adapted for the business industry.Lear also invented the slightly less durable 8-track cartridge tape system.
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    Post by Lily on Thu Jun 25, 2009 10:33 am


    [b]Gen. George A. Custer View Poster
    On this date in 1876, General George Armstrong Custer and his entire force of about 210 men were wiped out by Cheyenne and Lakota Sioux Indians led by Chief Sitting Bull, in the Battle of Little Bighorn. Also known as Custer's Last Stand, the battle went down in history as one of the US Army's most infamous defeats. Today, a monument stands on the site — near Montana's Little Bighorn River — marking a mass burial ground for all the soldiers who were killed there, except Custer. His body was exhumed and reburied in the cemetery at West Point.
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    Post by Lily on Wed Jun 24, 2009 11:11 am


    Flying Saucers View Poster
    The term "flying saucer" was coined on this date in 1947 when an American pilot reported seeing strange objects near Mt. Rainier, WA, describing them as "saucers skipping across the water." In early July of that year, some suspicious items were collected in the vicinity of Roswell, NM. The US military identified it as debris from a weather balloon that had crashed, but some thirty years later, a witness to the event told a ufologist that he believed an alien spacecraft had been found and that the US military had covered the incident up. On this date in 1997, the U.S. Air Force released its report on the Roswell Incident, stating that the UFOs that were reportedly seen in the area were, in fact, the pieces of the damaged weather balloon and the so-called aliens were actually life-sized dummies.
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    Post by Lily on Tue Jun 23, 2009 11:32 am


    Alan Turing Statue at Bletchley Park
    Alan Turing, a pioneer in the world of computers and artificial intelligence, was born on this date in 1912. A cryptanalyst during WWII, Turing was based at Bletchley Park, where he devised a machine that decoded enemy transmissions and helped to break the Enigma machine. Before the war he had postulated a universal mathematical machine, now called the Turing machine, which became a prototype for the electronic computer. His Turing test worked to determine whether a computer is capable of humanlike thought, igniting discussion on artificial intelligence. In 1945, Turing was awarded an OBE for his work at Bletchley Park, even though the work itself remained secret for many years.
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    Post by Lily on Mon Jun 22, 2009 8:25 am


    Meryl Streep
    You pretty much have to be a household name in order to have a Muppet named for you. Your name would have to be famous enough that everyone would get the joke. Dirth Nader, for instance was one of the characters in a Star Wars episode of The Muppets. There were the musician groups, The Beetles and Bruce Stringbean and the S Street Band, and singers Placido Flamingo and Polly Darton. Baabaa Walters needs no introduction. Henry Wadsworth Wrongfellow was a grouchy poet. Showered Rosell was a sports announcer and Virginia the Wolf was a writer. And, of course, everyone's favorite master Muppet detective is Sherlock Hemlock; he often starred in "Mysterious Theater," hosted by Vincent Twice. Happy 60th birthday to the inspiration for the overemotive actress Muppet, Merryl Sheep!

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