Department of English

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A Guide For Creative Thinking

Thu Sep 17, 2009 3:12 am by BHSoft

A Guide For Creative Thinking by Brian Tracy
Einstein once said, “Every child is born a genius.” But the reason why most people do not function at genius levels is because they are not aware of how creative and smart they really are.I call it the “Schwarzenegger effect.” No one would look at a person such as Arnold Schwarzenegger and think how lucky he is to have been born with such …


Africain Literature

Wed Mar 04, 2009 8:15 pm by Lily

Things Fall Apart is a 1959 English-language novel by Nigerian author Chinua Achebe. It is a staple book in schools throughout Africa and widely read and studied in English-speaking countries around the world. It is seen as the archetypal modern African novel in English, and one of the first African novels written in English to receive global critical acclaim. The title of the novel comes from [url=http://www.answers.com/topic/william-butler-yeats-3]


Algeria's Newspapers ...

Wed Mar 04, 2009 1:11 pm by Lily

study study study study



http://www.algeria press.com/
http://www.algeria press.com/alkhabar.htm
http://www.algeria-press.com/elwatan.htm
http://www.algeria-press.com/echoroukonline.htm
http://www.algeria-press.com/elmoudjahid.htm
http://www.algeria-press.com/liberte.htm
http://www.algeria-press.com/horizons.htm
http://www.algeria-press.com/el-massa.htm
[url=http://www.algeria-press.com/ech-chaab.htm]…


Algerian Vote

Thu Apr 09, 2009 12:39 pm by Lily

Algerians are voting in a presidential election which opposition groups have described as a charade.












American English

Fri Mar 13, 2009 4:00 pm by Maria

Going to is pronounced GONNA when it is used to show the future. But it is never reduced when it means going from one place to another.

We're going to grab a bite to eat. = We're gonna grab a bite to eat.
I'm going to the office tonight. = I'm going to the office tonight.

2. Want to and want a are both pronounced WANNA and wants to is pronounced WANSTA. Do you want to can also be reduced …

American Slangs

Sat Mar 21, 2009 8:54 pm by Maria

airhead: stupid person.
"Believe it or not, Dave can sometimes act like an airhead!"

amigo: friend (from Spanish).
"I met many amigos at Dave's ESL Cafe."

ammunition: toilet paper.
"Help! We're completely out of ammunition!"

antifreeze: alcohol.
"I'm going to need a lot of antifreeze tonight!"

armpit: dirty, unappealing place.


An Introduction to the British Civilization

Wed Nov 18, 2009 10:54 am by Maria

University of Batna First Year
English Department G: 6-7-8-9
General Culture

[center]An Introduction to the British Civilization

*The United Kingdom :

Full Name : The UK's full and official name is the "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland".

Location: The United Kingdom (UK) of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a country …

Announcements and News

Thu Mar 05, 2009 2:55 am by Lily


"Dear students , we would like to inform you that , from now on , your marks can be consulted through your Website ...Let's surf ! bounce bounce Wink

Applying for Research Study in the Department of English

Sun Apr 12, 2009 11:32 pm by Lily

Applying for Research Study in the Department of English

The process of applying for a research studentship begins with the identification of a potential supervisor. If you already know a staffmember who is willing to work with you to develop a research proposal,please start by contacting them. If you do not have a supervisor inmind already, …



    Today in History

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    Today in History

    Post by Lily on Fri May 14, 2010 2:50 pm

    today's History


    Louis XIV: became king of France at age 4 (1643)
    Lewis and Clark expedition: began its exploratory journey to the Pacific Ocean (1804)
    Israel: the Jewish state was proclaimed independent; Egypt, Transjordan (later Jordan), Syria, Lebanon, and Iraq declared war on it almost immediately (1948)
    Cast of 'Seinfeld': the final episode aired, with 76 million viewers watching (1998)


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    Re: Today in History

    Post by Lily on Wed Oct 07, 2009 12:12 am


    Al Jolson as'The Jazz Singer'
    Today in History


    1. The Jazz Singer: first full-length talkie debuted with songs and 291 spoken words (1927)
    2. The Curse of the Billy Goat: began when Billy Sianis and his goat were ejected from Wrigley Field during Game 4 of the 1945 World Series; Sianis predicted that the Cubs would never again win a World Series, and, so far, they haven't even been in one since then (1945)
    3. Yom Kippur War: Egypt and Syria attacked Israel on the holiest day of the Jewish year (1973)


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    Re: Today in History

    Post by Lily on Sat Sep 19, 2009 12:33 pm


    Butch and Sundance,Portrayed by Redford and Newman

    Today in History

    1. George Washington's farewell address: was printed as an open letter to the American public; he warned against political
    2. factionalism and foreign alliances and spoke out for religion and morality (1796)
    3. New Zealand: became the first country to grant women the vote (1893)
    4. Butch Cassidy: notorious outlaw joined his partner, the Sundance Kid, in robbing their first bank as a duo in Winnemucca, Nevada (1900)
    5. emoticons: the digital smiley :-) and frowny :-( were proposed by Scott Fahlman (1982)
    6. Ötzi the Iceman: 5,000-year-old tattooed mummy was discovered near the Austrian-Italian border (1991)


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    Re: Today in History

    Post by Lily on Sat Sep 12, 2009 5:04 pm


    Elizabeth Barrett Browning
    Today in History

    1. Henry Hudson: began exploring the Hudson River (1609)
    2. Elizabeth Barrett: eloped with fellow poet Robert Browning (1846)
    3. Jacqueline Bouvier: married John F. Kennedy in an enormous wedding (1953)
    4. Steven Biko: black civil rights leader died in police custody in South Africa; international protests and a UN arms embargo ensued (1977)


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    Re: Today in History

    Post by Lily on Thu Sep 03, 2009 12:06 pm


    Richard the Lion-Hearted
    Today in History

    1. San Marino: independent country inside Italy that is arguably the world's smallest and oldest republic was founded (301)
    2. Richard the Lion-Hearted: was crowned king of England after defeating his father, Henry II(1189)
    3. Treaty of Paris: the US Revolutionary War came to an official end (1783)
    4. Malcolm Campbell: English racer and journalist became the first person to drive an automobile over 300 mph, at Bonneville Salt Flats in Utah (1935)


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    Re: Today in History

    Post by Lily on Tue Sep 01, 2009 10:55 pm


    The 'Titanic' in Her Glory
    Today in History

    • Canadian provinces: Canada welcomed provinces No. 8 and 9, Saskatchewan and Alberta (1905)
    • Muammar al-Qaddafi: took power in Libya after overthrowing King Idris I; he continues to rule (1969)
    • Titanic: the wreck of the luxury liner was found by American and French searchers on the North Atlantic ocean floor 73 years after she sank (1985)
    • Beslan: Chechen terrorists took over a Russian school; hundreds were killed during the three-day standoff (2004)



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    Re: Today in History

    Post by Lily on Tue Sep 01, 2009 12:25 am


    Princess Diana
    Today in History

    • Malaya: became independent of the United Kingdom (1957); a few years later this federation of states became Malaysia
    • Trinidad and Tobago: island nation of the southern Caribbean, birthplace of limbo, became independent of the United Kingdom (1962)
    • Jack the Ripper: first victim was found with her throat cut in London's East End (1888)
    • Princess Diana: was killed in a car crash along with her companion, Dodi Fayed, and her driver as they attempted to evade paparazzi (1997)
    • Baghdad bridge stampede: 1,000 pilgrims were killed when panic over a supposed suicide bomber caused a crush of people on the Al-Aaimmah bridge over the Tigris River (2005)


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    Re: Today in History

    Post by Lily on Sat Aug 29, 2009 2:48 pm


    Atahualpa
    Today in History


    • Atahualpa: last sovereign Incan emperor was garroted by Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizzaro, who thus defeated the Incan Empire and conquered Peru (1533)
    • Shay's Rebellion: uprising began in Massachusetts, led by Revolutionary War captain Daniel Shays; farmers were protesting crushing debt and taxes (1786)
    • The Beatles: gave their last paid concert, at San Francisco's Candlestick Park, now Monster Park (1966)
    • Hurricane Katrina: the costliest natural disaster in US history made landfall in Louisiana and Mississippi, devastating cities, most notably New Orleans (2005)



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    Re: Today in History

    Post by Lily on Thu Aug 27, 2009 10:46 am


    Krakatoa Erupting
    Today in History

    • Krakatoa: volcano erupted in the loudest explosion ever recorded; the resultant tsunami killed 36,000 (1883)

    • Anglo-Zanzibar War: the shortest war in history ended after less than an hour when Zanzibar surrendered (1896)

    • Kellogg-Briand Pact: multinational treaty signed in Paris outlawed war — about 11 years before the same nations took part in WWII (1928)

    • Mars: the red planet got up close and personal with Earth — only 55,758,006 km away (2003)
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    Re: Today in History

    Post by Lily on Sun Aug 23, 2009 3:46 pm


    Rudolph Valentino
    Today in History

    • William Wallace: Scottish nationalist who opposed British rule, and on whom Braveheart was based, was executed in London (1305)
    • Franklin: area that is now part of Tennessee seceded from North Carolina; it failed to win acceptance as one of the United States (1784)
    • Rudolph Valentino: death at age 31 of the silent screen sex symbol known as the quintessential Latin lover caused mass hysterical mourning (1926)
    • Sacco and Vanzetti: Italian-American anarchists were executed by electric chair for murder during an armed robbery; questions about the fairness of their trial remain (1927)

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    Re: Today in History

    Post by Lily on Sat Aug 22, 2009 1:00 pm


    Michael Collins
    Today in History


    • English wars: War of the Roses ended (1485), Civil War began (1642)
    • America's Cup: international yachting competition was first won, by the America, thus providing the trophy with its name (1851)
    • Michael Collins: Irish national leader was shot dead in an ambush (1922)
    • Texas Rangers: set an MLB record by wiping out the Baltimore Orioles 30-3 (2007)
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    Re: Today in History

    Post by Lily on Fri Aug 21, 2009 10:54 pm


    'Mona Lisa'
    Today in History


    • Lincoln-Douglas debates: began in the Illinois Senate race; slavery and states' rights were the main issues (1858)
    • Mona Lisa: was stolen from the Louvre by a museum employee; she was recovered two years later (1911)
    • Leon Trotsky: Soviet revolutionary died of wounds inflicted by a Stalinist assassin with an ice axe (1940)
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    Re: Today in History

    Post by Lily on Tue Aug 18, 2009 11:54 am


    Phobos
    Today in History

    • Phobos: Martian moon named for the Greek god of fear was discovered by Asaph Hall (1877)
    • 19th Amendment: was ratified when Tennessee became the 36th state to approve it; this gave US women the right to vote (1920)
    • Lolita: controversial Vladimir Nabokov novel, about a middle-aged man who becomes obsessed with a 12-year-old girl, was published (1955)
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    Re: Today in History

    Post by Lily on Sun Aug 16, 2009 5:32 pm


    Joseph Kittinger
    Today in History


    • Cyprus: was granted independence from Britain (1960)
    • Joseph Kittinger: USAF pilot set records for a parachute jump, including fastest speed by a person through the atmosphere — 614 mph/988 kph (1960)
    • Elvis Presley: The King was found dead of heart failure at his Memphis estate, Graceland (1977)
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    Re: Today in History

    Post by Lily on Mon Aug 03, 2009 9:44 pm


    La Scala
    Today in History

    • La Scala: leading opera house opened in Milan with a production of Salieri's opera Europa riconosciuta, which was not performed again until December 7, 2004, when La Scala reopened after renovations (1788)
    • USS Nautilus: the world's first nuclear-powered submarine sailed over the North Pole underwater in a journey under the Arctic ice cap (1958)
    • Air Traffic Controllers Strike: PATCO workers walked out, leading to the firing of nearly all air traffic controllers by President Ronald Reagan two days later; in the wake of this event, US labor unions were weakened (1981)
    • Statue of Liberty: pedestal reopened to the public for first time since 9/11 (2004)

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    Re: Today in History

    Post by Lily on Fri Jul 17, 2009 10:19 am



    Disneyland
    Today in History:

    1. Spanish-American War: ended when Spanish troops surrendered to US in Santiago, Cuba (1898)
    2. House of Windsor: in the wake of anti-German sentiment, British royal family changed its name from Saxe-Coburg Gotha (1917)
    3. Potsdam Conference: world leaders Truman, Stalin and Churchill begin the final Allied summit of WWII (1945)
    4. Disneyland: theme park opened in Anaheim, California; overcrowding, heat and lack of running water caused a bad opening day (1955)
    5. Apollo-Soyuz Test Project: for the first time, an Apollo spaceship docked with a Soyuz spacecraft in orbit; it marked the warming US-USSR relationship (1975)

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    Re: Today in History

    Post by Lily on Sun Jul 12, 2009 11:51 am



    Catherine Parr
    Today in History:

    1. Henry VIII: married his sixth (and final) wife, Catherine Parr; she outlived him by a year (1543)
    2. Medal of Honor: the top US military decoration was authorized by Congress (1862)
    3. the Rolling Stones: performed their first concert, at London's Marquee Club (1962)
    4. Geraldine Ferraro: became the first woman nominated for US vice president on a major-party ticket; she was chosen by Democratic candidate Walter Mondale (1984)
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    Re: Today in History

    Post by Lily on Sun Jul 05, 2009 5:44 pm


    Sir Isaac Newton
    Today in History

    • Principia Mathematica: Isaac Newton published the three-volume work containing his laws of motion and law of universal gravitation (1687)
    • Venezuela, Algeria, Cape Verde: declared independence (1811, 1962, 1975)
    • Salvation Army: Christian charitable organization was founded by William Booth to feed the poor of London (1865); it received its name 13 years later
    • Dolly the sheep: the first mammal successfully cloned from an adult cell was born in Scotland (1996)

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    Re: Today in History

    Post by Lily on Sat Jul 04, 2009 9:22 pm


    Lou Gehrig
    Today in History

    1. Walden: Henry David Thoreau took up abode in a small cabin he built himself near Walden Pond, where he spent two years in simple living (1845)
    2. Alice's Adventure's in Wonderland: Lewis Carroll told Alice Liddell the tale that became the book (1862)
    3. Lou Gehrig: afflicted by ALS, the baseball player bid farewell to fans at Yankee Stadium, calling himself that day "the luckiest man on the face of the Earth" (1939)
    4. Philippines: gained independence from the US (1946)
    5. Operation Entebbe:hostages taken by pro-Palestinian hijackers were rescued by Israeli commandos in Uganda (1976)
    6. Deep Impact: space probe fulfilled its primary mission by colliding with Comet 9P/Tempel to allow examination of the comet's interior (2005)

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    Re: Today in History

    Post by Lily on Fri Jul 03, 2009 4:30 pm


    Great Auk
    Today in History

    • Quebec: city was founded by Samuel de Champlain (1608)
    • great auks: the last pair of the extinct species, found incubating an egg, was killed (1844)
    • Algeria: became independent after 132 years of French rule (1962)

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    Re: Today in History

    Post by Lily on Wed Jul 01, 2009 10:26 pm


    Walkman
    Today in History

    1. Battle of San Juan Hill: future president Theodore Roosevelt led the Rough Riders in a charge up Kettle Hill during the Spanish-American War (1898)
    2. Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty: was signed by the US, UK, USSR and others to halt spread of nuclear arms (1968)
    3. Walkman: portable audio player was introduced by Sony (1979)
    4. "O Canada": became Canada's national anthem (1980)
    5. Hong Kong: reverted to Chinese rule after 156 years of British rule (1997)

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    Re: Today in History

    Post by Lily on Tue Jun 30, 2009 3:17 pm


    The Great Blondin
    Today in History


    • The Great Blondin: French acrobat crossed Niagara Falls on a tightrope; walking from the US to Canada took him eight minutes (1859)
    • Tunguska event: 2,000 sq. km of central Siberia were flattened in an explosion likely caused by a meteor disintegrating above the Earth's surface (1908)
    • Gone With the Wind: classic Civil War-era novel was published (1936)
    • 26th Amendment: was ratified, lowering the US voting age to 18 (1971)
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    Re: Today in History

    Post by Lily on Mon Jun 29, 2009 11:19 pm


    iPhone
    Today in History


    • Globe Theatre: London theatre that showcased Shakespeare's plays burned down; it was reconstructed in 1997 (1613)
    • Townshend Acts: were passed by the British Parliament, imposing import duties on paper, tea and other items shipped to America; they led to the Boston Massacre (1767)
    • Furman v. Georgia: the Supreme Court ruled 5-4 that capital punishment could constitute "cruel and unusual punishment" (1972)
    • Atlantis: space shuttle docked with Russian space station Mir; together they formed the largest man-made satellite to orbit Earth (1995)
    • iPhone: went on sale in the US amid enormous buzz (2007)

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    Re: Today in History

    Post by Lily on Sun Jun 28, 2009 4:05 pm


    Ned Kelly
    Today in History

    • Ned Kelly: Australian bushranger was captured at Glenrowan; he was later hanged for murder (1880)
    • Franz Ferdinand: archduke and heir to the Austrian throne was assassinated, along with his wife, in Sarajevo by a Serbian; the event precipitated WWI (1914)
    • Treaty of Versailles: was signed, ending WWI (1919)
    • Slobodan Milosevic: former Yugoslavian leader was turned over to the UN war crimes tribunal (2001)
    • Iraqi Interim Government: took power after US handover (2004)

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    Re: Today in History

    Post by Lily on Sat Jun 27, 2009 10:49 am


    Joseph Smith
    Today in History

    • Joseph Smith: the founder of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints was killed by an anti-Mormon mob in Illinois (1844)
    • Joshua Slocum: Canadian adventurer landed at Newport, Rhode Island, becoming the first to circumnavigate the world on his own (1898)
    • Newbery Medal: children's book prize was first awarded, to Hendrik Willem van Loon for The Story of Mankind (1922)
    • Stonewall riots: patrons of a Greenwich Village bar resisted a police raid, sparking the gay pride movement (1969)
    • paintball: the first game was played, in New Hampshire (1981)
    • United States National Do Not Call Registry: opened for business; almost ¾ of a million phone numbers were signed up on its first day in a stand against unwanted telemarketing (2003)


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    Re: Today in History

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